Welcome to The Abnormal Hieratic Global Portal, which was designed to help you to learn to read Abnormal Hieratic at home! This pilot project presents five already published Abnormal Hieratic sources from Paris online, viz. P. Louvre E 7851 recto and verso, 7852 verso and 7856 verso and recto, in a way you have never seen before. In our view, this could be the ultimate tool needed to teach Abnormal Hieratic in the most intuitive way possible. If the concept works, we will extend it to become the major hub for Abnormal Hieratic studies worldwide.
The photographic material on our website is interactive. This will allow you to scroll over it and see at a glance how you should transcribe any given word or name into hieroglyphs (you can ‘deactivate’ the photo if you want to read it without any help).
The website will also provide all the necessary translations, palaeographies and instructional videos. Only the most recent or complete edition is listed on this website. Other metadata are found through their unique Trismegistos number. As the amount of material on our website will grow, so will our ever extendable and interactive Wörterbuch and Namenbuch, to support students and colleagues worldwide.
Using a separate interface, you can search the enriched papyri for their contents.
What is Abnormal Hieratic?
All you need to know at present is that the term Abnormal Hieratic is––on this website––reserved for the administrative script used in the south of Egypt during Dyn. 25-26, although the beginnings of this script are already clearly visible during Dyn. 22-24. Abnormal Hieratic material has been found from Illahun in the north to Qasr Ibrîm in the far south.
The requirements are simple. Work hard, trust in your eyes, and make sure that you have a good command of English, French and German. If you do this, pretty soon things will become easier.
The best recent overview of our field––including a handy bibliography––is G. Vittmann, ‘Der Stand der Erforschung des Kursivhieratischen (und neue Texte)’ (from p. 383 onwards). Note, however, that even this recent publication has already become obsolete. Many new sources have surfaced in recent years.
This website is, however, only concerned with already published Abnormal Hieratic sources. We do not want to infringe in any way on the publication rights of authors working on the unpublished material.
Students who are interested in finding out more about how Abnormal Hieratic vanished from the south of Egypt in the 6th century BCE, to be replaced by Demotic, should consult K. Donker van Heel, ‘The lost battle of Peteamonip son of Petehorresne’, in: Egitto e Vicino Oriente 17 (1994), 115-124, and C.J. Martin, ‘The Saite ‘demoticisation’ of southern Egypt’, in: K. Lomas – R.D. Whitehouse – J.B. Wilkins (eds), Literacy and the state in the ancient Mediterranean (2007), 25-38.
How it works
The basic principle is simple. You can activate the annotations of a papyrus by clicking on the speech bubble icon in the top left corner. All separate words and names have been tagged. If you move your mouse over a word, a box will pop up containing the transcription, transliteration and translation of the word. If you are interested in the various spellings of a single word or name, you can search our ever extendable and interactive Wörterbuch and Namenbuch.
This website also contains videos and material for further reading. If you have any questions or comments, feel free to add them on the discussion board.